Posted by: Madeleine Brooks
By definition a flood is " a great flowing or overflowing of water". A flood can be a condition in which two or more properties/two or more acres of normally dried land is overflowed with water and/or mudflow. What causes a flood to occur? There are several different items that can cause a flood to happen. Here are the most common causes of flooding:
- Heavy Rain
- Spring Thaw
- Tropical Storms and Hurricanes
- Levees and Dams
- New Development of Land
- Flash Floods
So, how do you know if where you are living is in any of those three flood levels? The government agency called the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was created "to reduce the loss of life and property and protect the Nation from all hazards, including natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, by leading and supporting the Nation in a risk-based, comprehensive emergency management system of preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation." FEMA gives the proper precautions to take so one can plan ahead in case of a flood. Click this link to read up on the information FEMA gives. FEMA drew up FIRMs so that when people are looking to live places they know what the flood levels are in that community. To find a flood map you must look up your state, the county you live in and the district/community you reside in. Once you know all three of those items you can click to upload a flood map so see the risk you are at. If you want to look up the area you live in and what the flood risk you are at click here.
Hopefully this will give you more insight on what you can expect if you are in a flood-prone area and what actions you must take to survive a flood.